Loan calculator

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What is EMI?

Equated Monthly Installment - EMI for short - is the amount payable every month to the bank or any other financial institution until the loan amount is fully paid off. It consists of the interest on loan as well as part of the principal amount to be repaid. The sum of principal amount and interest is divided by the tenure, i.e., the number of months, in which the loan has to be repaid. This amount has to be paid monthly. The interest component of the EMI would be larger during the initial months and gradually reduce with each payment. The exact percentage allocated towards payment of the principal depends on the interest rate. Even though your monthly EMI payment won't change, the proportion of principal and interest components will change with time. With each successive payment, you'll pay more towards the principal and less in interest.


Here's the formula to calculate EMI:


EMI Formula


 


 


 


where


E is EMI


P is Principal Loan Amount


r is rate of interest calculated on monthly basis. (i.e., r = Rate of Annual interest/12/100. If rate of interest is 10.5% per annum, then r = 10.5/12/100=0.00875)


n is loan term / tenure / duration in number of months


For example, if you borrow ₹10,00,000 from the bank at 10.5% annual interest for a period of 10 years (i.e., 120 months), then EMI = ₹10,00,000 * 0.00875 * (1 + 0.00875)120 / ((1 + 0.00875)120 - 1) = ₹13,493. i.e., you will have to pay ₹13,493 for 120 months to repay the entire loan amount. The total amount payable will be ₹13,493 * 120 = ₹16,19,220 that includes ₹6,19,220 as interest toward the loan.


Computing EMI for different combinations of principal loan amount, interest rates and loan term using the above EMI formula by hand is time consuming, complex and error prone. Our EMI calculator automates this calculation for you and gives you the result in a split second along with visual charts displaying payment schedule and the break-up of total payment.


How to Use EMI Calculator?

With colourful charts and instant results, our EMI Calculator is easy to use, intuitive to understand and is quick to perform. You can calculate EMI for home loan, car loan, personal loan, education loan or any other fully amortizing loan using this calculator.


Enter the following information in the EMI Calculator:


Principal loan amount you wish to avail (rupees)

Loan term (months or years)

Rate of interest (percentage)

EMI in advance OR EMI in arrears (for car loan only)

Use the slider to adjust the values in the EMI calculator form. If you need to enter more precise values, you can type the values directly in the relevant boxes provided above. As soon as the values are changed using the slider (or hit the 'tab' key after entering the values directly in the input fields), EMI calculator will re-calculate your monthly payment (EMI) amount.


A pie chart depicting the break-up of total payment (i.e., total principal vs. total interest payable) is also displayed. It displays the percentage of total interest versus principal amount in the sum total of all payments made against the loan. The payment schedule table showing payments made every month / year for the entire loan duration is displayed along with a chart showing interest and principal components paid each year. A portion of each payment is for the interest while the remaining amount is applied towards the principal balance. During initial loan period, a large portion of each payment is devoted to interest. With passage of time, larger portions pay down the principal. The payment schedule also shows the intermediate outstanding balance for each year which will be carried over to the next year.


Floating Rate EMI Calculation

We suggest that you calculate floating / variable rate EMI by taking into consideration two opposite scenarios, i.e., optimistic (deflationary) and pessimistic (inflationary) scenario. Loan amount and loan tenure, two components required to calculate the EMI are under your control; i.e., you are going to decide how much loan you have to borrow and how long your loan tenure should be. But interest rate is decided by the banks & HFCs based on rates and policies set by RBI. As a borrower, you should consider the two extreme possibilities of increase and decrease in the rate of interest and calculate how much would be your EMI under these two conditions. Such calculation will help you decide how much EMI is affordable, how long your loan tenure should be and how much you should borrow.


Optimistic (deflationary) scenario: Assume that the rate of interest comes down by 1% - 3% from the present rate. Consider this situation and calculate your EMI. In this situation, your EMI will come down or you may opt to shorten the loan tenure. Ex: If you avail home loan to purchase a house as an investment, then optimistic scenario enables you to compare this with other investment opportunities.


Pessimistic (inflationary) scenario: In the same way, assume that the rate of interest is hiked by 1% - 3%. Is it possible for you to continue to pay the EMI without much struggle? Even a 2% increase in rate of interest can result in significant rise in your monthly payment for the entire loan tenure.


Such calculation helps you to plan for such future possibilities. When you take a loan, you are making a financial commitment for next few months, years or decades. So consider the best as well as worst cases...and be ready for both. In short, hope for the best but be prepared for the worst!


What is Home Loan EMI Calculator?

Home Loan EMI Calculator assists in calculation of the loan installment i.e. EMI towards your home loan. It an easy to use calculator and acts as a financial planning tool for a home buyer.


What is Home Loan EMI?

EMI stands for Equated Monthly Installment. It includes repayment of the principal amount and payment of the interest on the outstanding amount of your home loan. A longer loan tenure (for a maximum period of 30 years) helps in reducing the EMI.


How does EMI calculation help in planning the home purchase?

HDFC’s Home Loan EMI calculator gives a clear understanding of the amount that needs to be paid towards the EMIs and helps make an informed decision about the outflow towards the housing loan every month. This helps estimate the loan amount that can be availed and helps in assessing the own contribution requirements and cost of the property. Therefore knowing the EMI is crucial for calculation of home loan eligibility and planning your home buying journey better.


What are HDFC Home Loans Key Features and Benefits?

Home Loans for purchase of a flat, row house, bungalow from private developers in approved projects


Home Loans for purchase of properties from Development Authorities such as DDA, MHADA etc


Loans for purchase of properties in an existing Co-operative Housing Society or Apartment Owners' Association or Development Authorities settlements or privately built up homes


Loans for construction on a freehold / lease hold plot or on a plot allotted by a Development Authority


Expert legal and technical counselling to help you make the right home buying decision


Integrated branch network for availing and servicing the Home Loans anywhere in India


Special arrangement with AGIF for Home Loans for those employed in the Indian Army.


Our tailor made home loans caters to customers of all age groups and employment category. We provide longer tenure loans of up to 30 years, telescopic repayment option, under adjustable rate option that specifically caters to younger customers to become home owners at an early stage of their life.


With our experience of providing home finance for over 4 decades, we are able to understand the diverse needs of our customers and fulfill their dream of owning a home .


How to use HDFC's Home Loan EMI Calculator?

All you need to do is input the following to arrive at your EMI:


Loan Amount: Input the desired loan amount that you wish to avail

Loan Tenure (In Years): Input the desired loan term for which you wish to avail the housing loan. A longer tenure helps in enhancing the eligibility

Interest Rate (% P.A.): Input interest rate.

'Click Here to Know the Prevailing Home Loan Interest Rates'

What is Home Loan Amortization Schedule?

Loan amortization is the process of reducing the debt with regular payments over the loan period. A home loan amortization schedule is a table giving the details of the repayment amount, principal and interest component.


HDFC’s EMI calculators give a fair understanding about the ratio of the principal amount to the interest due, based on the loan tenure and interest rates. EMI calculator also provides an amortization table elucidating the repayment schedule. HDFC’s home loan calculator provides a complete break-up of the interest and principal amount.


HDFC offers various Repayment Plans enhancing Home Loan Eligibility:

HDFC offers various repayment plans for maximizing home loan eligibility to suit diverse needs.


Step Up Repayment Facility (SURF)

SURF offers an option where the repayment schedule is linked to the expected growth in your income. You can avail a higher amount of loan and pay lower EMIs in the initial years. Subsequently, the repayment is accelerated proportionately with the assumed increase in your income.


Flexible Loan Installments Plan (FLIP)

FLIP offers a customized solution to suit your repayment capacity which is likely to alter during the term of the loan. The loan is structured in such a way that the EMI is higher during the initial years and subsequently decreases in proportion to the income.


Tranche Based EMI

If you purchase an under construction property you are generally required to service only the interest on the loan amount drawn till the final disbursement of the loan and pay EMIs thereafter. In case you wish to start principal repayment immediately you may opt to tranche the loan and start paying EMIs on the cumulative amounts disbursed.


Accelerated Repayment Scheme

This option provides you the flexibility to increase the EMIs every year in proportion to the increase in your income which will result in you repaying the loan much faster.


Telescopic Repayment Option

With this option you get a longer repayment tenure of up to 30 years. This means an enhanced loan amount eligibility and smaller EMIs.


Estimate EMIs of your housing loan by using our feature rich EMI calculator, now!


After getting an estimate of EMI using the calculator, you can apply for a home loan online from the comfort of your living room easily with Online Home Loans by HDFC.


What is a Pre-Approved Home Loan?

HDFC also offers a facility of a pre-approved home loan even before you have identified your dream home. A pre-approved home loan is an in-principal approval for a loan given on the basis of your income, creditworthiness and financial position. Click here to know more.


Apply for a home loan online with HDFC, click Apply Online


In case you would like us to get in touch with you, kindly leave your details with us.


Loan Calculator

A loan is a contract between a borrower and a lender in which the borrower receives an amount of money (principal) that they are obligated to pay back in the future. Most loans can be categorized into one of three categories:


Amortized Loan: Fixed payments paid periodically until loan maturity

Deferred Payment Loan: Single lump sum paid at loan maturity

Bond: Predetermined lump sum paid at loan maturity (the face, or par value of a bond)


Consumer Loans

There are two basic kinds of consumer loans: secured or unsecured.


Secured Loans

A secured loan means that the borrower has put up some form of asset as a form of collateral before being granted a loan. The lender is issued a lien, which is a right to possession of property belonging to another person until a debt is paid. In other words, defaulting on a secured loan will give the loan issuer legal ability to seize the asset that was put up as collateral. The most common secured loans are mortgages and auto loans. In these examples, the lender holds the title or deed, which is a representation of ownership, until the secured loan is fully paid. Defaulting on a mortgage typically results in the bank foreclosing on a home, while not paying a car loan means that the lender can repossess the car.


Lenders are generally hesitant to lend large amounts of money with no guarantee. Secured loans reduce the risk of the borrower defaulting, since they risk losing whatever asset they put up as collateral. If the collateral is worth less than the outstanding debt, the borrower can still be liable for the remainder of the debt.


Secured loans generally have a higher chance of approval compared to unsecured loans and can be a better option for those who would not qualify for an unsecured loan,


Unsecured Loans

An unsecured loan is an agreement to pay a loan back without collateral. Because there is no collateral involved, lenders need a way to verify the financial integrity of their borrowers. This can be achieved through the five C's of credit, which is a common methodology used by lenders to gauge the creditworthiness of potential borrowers.


Character—may include credit history and reports to showcase the track record of a borrower's ability to fulfill debt obligations in the past, their work experience and income level, and any outstanding legal considerations

Capacity—measures a borrower's ability to repay a loan using a ratio to compare their debt to income

Capital—refers to any other assets borrowers may have, aside from income, that can be used to fulfill a debt obligation, such as a down payment, savings, or investments

Collateral—only applies to secured loans. Collateral refers to something pledged as security for repayment of a loan in the event that the borrower defaults

Conditions—the current state of the lending climate, trends in the industry, and what the loan will be used for

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